The Arsenal Football Club (also known as Arsenal, or The Gunners) is a football club in North London founded in 1886. It plays in the FA Premier League, and is one of the teams with the most trophies won in English football. Arsenal have won 13 English leagues, 10 England Cups and in the 2005-2006 season, they reached the UEFA Champions League final, where they were defeated by FC Barcelona. Arsenal is also a member of the select G-14 group.
The Arsenal was founded in Woolwich, in southeast London, in 1886, but in 1913 they moved to the northern part of the city towards Highbury, which was their home until May 2006. In July 2006, the club will play its matches at the new Emirates Stadium in Islington, London. Arsenal has an old rivalry with its neighbors, the Tottenham Hotspur.
Arsenal Football Club was originally called Dial Square. Later the club changed its name to Woolwich Arsenal and then to Royal Arsenal, but then returned to the name of Woolwich Arsenal (the founders were employed in the “Dial Square” area of Woolwich Arsenal, an armament factory in Woolwich, south From london). In 1893 he was the first team in South London to be admitted to the Football League. From 1893 to 1904, the Woolwich Arsenal played in the Second Division of the Football League, until achieving promotion to the First Division in 1904.
Woolwich Arsenal descended in 1913, the same year he moved from his home in South London to Arsenal Stadium (usually known as Highbury), in North London. His move from that place precipitated the Charlton Athletic becoming professional. With the move came the name change to "The Arsenal". The club returned to the First, then, a unique event in England.
In 1925 Huddersfield Town A.F.C. coach Herbert Chapman arrived at The Arsenal. Under his leadership, the local subway station Gillespie Road was renamed Arsenal. Chapman's Arsenal won the FA Cup in 1930 and the league in 1931 and 1933; it was also the dominant team in England in the 30s. Also during the Chapman era the club was renamed only Arsenal, eliminating the article "The". Some have speculated that Chapman urged to remove the article so that the team was at the beginning of the league's alphabetical list, a position it holds until today.
Chapman died suddenly in January 1934, but his legacy was continued by his successor, George Allison, who won the third league title for Arsenal, along with the 1936 FA Cup.
Such was the supremacy of Arsenal that in November 1934, seven Arsenal players were starters in England's 3-2 victory over Italy, then world champion.
In the war break in 1939, Arsenal Stadium was used as a station of the Air Raid Precautions, an organization to protect civilians from the danger of strategic bombs. The stadium continued to operate as a soccer field for the armed forces, usually with two or three games each day.
During the bombings, a bomb fell on the northern platform, destroying the roof of that part. Arsenal played its home games at White Hart Lane, courtesy of its arch-rivals Tottenham Hotspur. After the war, the Arsenal board gave a cannon to Tottenham executives, as a token of appreciation for the help provided.
The war meant a cut for the careers of many star players of the club, and in the resumption of the league in 1946-47, the club ended in an unfortunate thirteenth place. Allison was replaced by Tom Whittaker, who enjoyed immediate success, winning the league in 1948 and 1953, in addition to the 1950 FA Cup. However, after those titles, the club went through a period of drought, without winning a title in 17 years.
English legend Billy Wright ran the club between 1962 and 1966 with medium success, but was succeeded by physiotherapist Bertie Mee, who would lead the club in his early 70s success.
Arsenal uniform: current uniform
Mee's arrival meant a period of glory for Arsenal. The young team that had won the FA Youth Cup in 1966, and players like Charlie George, John Radford and Ray Kennedy took the first team. This team reached two consecutive League Cup finals in the late 60s, although the second was an infamous 3-1 loss to the Swindon Town Third Division team.
Arsenal finally achieved some success in 1970, by winning its first European trophy, the Fairs Cup (similar to the current UEFA Cup). After defeating Ajax (one of the strongest teams in the world at the time) in Amsterdam in the semifinals, Arsenal won by a 4-3 final in the overall over the Anderlecht of Belgium, having lost 3-0 in the Going match.
Most notable in this period was the club's first "double", winning the league and the FA Cup in 1970-71. That league title was won in White Hart Lane against Tottenham Hotspurs on the last date of the league; Five days later Arsenal defeated Liverpool 2-1 at Wembley, after extra time, winning with a goal from Charlie George.
Arsenal failed to capitalize on its success and spent most of the mid-1970s in the darkness of half the table, shining only with the appearance of Irish superstar Liam Brady. However, towards the end of the decade, under the direction of Terry Nelly, Arsenal tested its competition in the FA Cup. Between 1978 and 1980 Arsenal reached three consecutive FA Cup finals. He won one, beating Manchester United 3-2 in the 1979 final after losing 2-0. Alan Sunderland scored the third goal to achieve a victory so far remembered.
Arsenal lost the next FA Cup final against West Ham United, and the European Cup final resolved by penalties against Valencia. After Liam Brady's game against Juventus, the team started another sterile period for the first half of the 80s.
At the end of the 1985-86 season, Milwall coach George Graham was hired by Arsenal as a new coach, which would mean the beginning of a golden era in Highbury. He led the club to victory over Liverpool in the final of the League Cup during his first season in office, and at the end of his third season (1988-89) the club won his first league title since 1971 in A dramatic ending. Needing two goals to secure the championship against Liverpool, a goal with time served by midfielder Michael Thomas (who, ironically later would play in Liverpool) gave Arsenal a 2-0 victory that meant the title.
Another league title came in 1991 with Arsenal losing only one of its 38 league games, although it had a penalty where it lost 2 points in October 1990 after ten of its players were involved in a fight against Manchester United players in A game at Old Trafford.
In the early 1990s, Arsenal probably had the best squad in the English league. Goalkeeper David Seaman, defender and captain Tony Adams, midfielder Paul Merson and striker Alan Smith, were
able to compete with any of the best players in England and Europe. The signing for 2.5 million pounds of Crystal Palace striker Ian Wright in October 91, further improved the team. Arsenal completed a “double” of FA Cup and League Cup in 1993 (defeating Sheffield Wednesday 2-1 in both finals) although it finished tenth in the first edition of the Premier League (new denomination of the First Division) and He scored just 40 goals, being the least scoring team of the season.
1994 saw the club win its second European trophy, defeating Parma 1-0 in the final of the Recopa with a goal by Alan Smith. But in February, George Graham was fired after nine years in office after it was discovered that he had accepted an illegal payment of 425,000 pounds from Swedish agent Rune Hauge in the acquisition of Danish midfielder John Jensen. His assistant Stewart Houston took office until the end of the season, and although Arsenal finished twelfth in the league, he reached the Recopa final again (losing 2-1 with a last minute goal against Zaragoza).
Bruce Rioch, who had guided Bolton Wanderers to the final of the League Cup and the return to the honor division after 15 years of absence, was hired as a new coach in the 1995-96 season. With him the record of payment for a transfer in England was surpassed, when paying 7.5 million pounds by the Dutch forward Dennis Bergkamp of the Inter of Milan. This forward would make an impressive pair with Ian Wright.
Arsenal reached the semifinal of the League Cup and finished fifth in the England Premier league in 1995-96, securing a place in the next edition of the UEFA Cup and fueling the illusion of a possible title in that competition. But in August 1996, just before the start of the new season, Brioch was fired by the club's board after a dispute over funds.
His assistant Stewart Houston was once again temporarily placed in office for a month before signing a contract with Queens Park Rangers. The youth team coach Pat Rice took over the team for several matches, until the hiring of the 44-year-old French coach Arsène Wenger, who had led AS Monaco to win the French league in 1998, was formalized.
With the arrival of Arsene Wenger, Arsenal rebuilt the squad with several French players unknown to everyone, except for this new coach. They were Nicolas Anelka, Emmanuel Petit and Patrick Vieira, as well as the Dutch steering wheel Marc Overmars. Wenger retained some of the former players like Tony Adams, Lee Dixon, Martin Keown and Steve Bould. He also kept Pat Rice as his assistant.
The team immediately improved under Wenger's tutelage, finishing third and securing a place in the UEFA Cup in 1996-97.
Wenger won his first title the following season, being the first foreigner to achieve it. But he not only won the league, because he managed to win the FA Cup by defeating Newcastle United 2-0 in the final. This was one more double for the winners of the Arsenal.
a small team teview
Despite the arrival of Fredrik Ljunberg in 1998 and Thierry Henry a year later, a new period of defeats would come in the following years. In the 1998-99 season Arsenal lost the league title on the last date, having led almost the entire championship and lost in the FA Cup semifinals against Manchester United in extra time after Dennis Bergkamp missed a penalty in the regulatory time. He also lost the 2000 UEFA Cup final on penalties against Galatasaray in Turkey after a goalless draw, and fell in the FA Cup final against Liverpool 2-1 with two goals from Michael Owen after having won a large part of the match 1-0.
Arsenal recovered in the 2001-02 season, winning a new double. He finished with 7 points ahead of Liverpool and the title was secured in the penultimate game of the season with a 1-0 over Manchester United in Old Trafford. The previous week, Arsenal had won the FA Cup final by defeating Chelsea 2-0. The team scored goals in all league games (38), and did not lose any of its 19 away matches.
Wenger's Arsenal retained the FA Cup title in 2002-03, but its success was minimized by having lost England Premier league title for the benefit of Manchester United after having had eight points of advantage over that team. The loss of the title took shape in the penultimate match of the league, losing 3-2 to Leeds United in Highbury, with an agonizing goal from Australian Mark Viduka.
The 2003-04 season Arsenal broke a record, being the first team to win the unbeaten league (26 wins, 12 draws, 0 losses) since the title that had won the Preston North End in 1889. His rivals for the title took revenge in other competitions, since Chelsea eliminated them in the Champions League and Manchester United in the FA Cup. His unbeaten streak broke in Old Trafford against Manchester with a final score of two to zero. The penalty indicated in favor of the Red Devils created a great controversy in England and helped to increase the rivalry between these two teams. Arsenal won the Premier League record with 49 games without losing.
One of the debts of the Wenger team with his audience were the performances in the Champions League where he had only managed to reach the quarterfinals; In the last edition of the Champions League, the London team qualified, after beating Real Madrid (1-0), Juventus (2-0) and Villareal (1-0), in the final against FC Barcelona, which He played on May 17 in Paris, but he finally lost 2-1. Thierry Henry is one of the strongholds of this team and has been the only one to win the title of best Premier League player for three consecutive years. So far, Henry and other star players on the team have remained loyal to the club and their coach, and have rejected millions of offers from teams like Real Madrid and Manchester United.
Thanks to his success, Arsène Wenger is now considered by some to be the best Arsenal coach of all time, while other enthusiasts put him on a par with Herbert Chapman, Bertie Mee and George Graham.
Arsenal wears a red shirt with white sleeves, in recognition of a charitable donation from the Nottingham Forest. The founders of Dial Square F. W. Beardsley and A. J. Bates were Forest players who moved to Woolwich to work. When they founded the club there, they had no equipment, so they wrote a note to the Nottingham Forest board for help, and received a complete team and a ball as a gift.
The uniform was originally full red, but almost purple red. In 1933 Herbert Chapman, wanting to see his players dressed in a more original way, updated the uniform by adding white sleeves and pants, and lightening the red. The team has dressed like this since then, with the exception of the 1963-64 season where full red equipment was reused.
For the 2005-06 season, for being the last season in which Arsenal will play at the Highbury stadium, the team's shirt will once again be a dark red, commemorating the equipment used in the first season at that stadium in 1913. color is similar to that used by the Sparta in Prague, which in turn inspired its equipment in the Arsenal of 1906.
The reserve colors are traditionally: yellow in the shirt and socks, and blue in pants, although he wore a green and black uniform in the early 80's. Since the 1990s, along with the advent of the lucrative T-shirt business, reserve colors have changed from season to season, sometimes using full blue and sometimes yellow. A uniform with a yellow shirt and dark gray trousers and stockings was also used.
Over the years the Arsenal shield has been slightly modified, until it reaches the current version.
At the beginning of the 2001-02 season Arsenal changed from sponsor of Sega Dreamcast to O2 and simultaneously introduced a "modern" new shield, where some elements of the previous shield were changed, such as the Latin legend Victoria Concordia Crescit (Victory comes from the harmony) that has now been removed and the cannon that changed orientation (looked to the left, now to the right).
Some historical Arsenal criticized this decision, but the truth is that it has given a new image of the club, more in line with the intention of internationalization.
The Arsenal Stadium, known mostly as Highbury, was the home of the Arsenal from September 1913 to May 2003. The original stadium was built by renowned architect Archibald Leitch, and had a common design with many stadiums in the United Kingdom at that time. .
By the 1930s, the stadium was completely revised and new stands and roofs were built. At this time the Highbury could house over 60,000 people and 57,000 until the early 1990s.
The Taylor Report, issued by the government of Margaret Thatcher to eradicate the phenomenon of "hooliganism" and improve stadium security, following the Hillsborough Tragedy and FA Premier League regulations forced Arsenal to have to put seats throughout the stadium in 1992, reducing its capacity to 38,500 people. When UEFA Champions league matches were played at the stadium, that capacity of 38,500 people was reduced to accommodate additional billboards. In addition, the possibility of the stadium expanding was difficult because 3 sectors of the stadium were very close to residential areas and the east sector is protected and cannot be demolished as it is a construction of special interest in the United Kingdom.
These limitations in Highbury's capacity led to the construction of the Emirates Stadium, a new stadium that can hold 60,000 spectators, and is located in Ashburton Grove, about 500 meters south-west of Highbury. Emirates Stadium is expected to be completed by the beginning of the 2006-07 season.
The Emirates Stadium was named after a contract with the Emirates airline company for £ 100 million, the largest contract of its kind in England in history.
As part of this agreement the stadium will be called Emirates Stadium until 2021, and the airline will be the sponsor of the Arsenal shirt from 2006 until the end of the 2013-14 season.
Ot Football League First Division / FA Premier League (13): 1930-31, 1932-33, 1933-34, 1934-35, 1937-38, 1947-48, 1952-53, 1970-71, 1988-89, 1990 -91, 1997-98, 2001-02, 2003-04
OpaCup of England (10): 1929-30, 1935-36, 1949-50, 1970-71, 1978-79, 1992-93, 1997-98, 2001-02, 2002-03, 2004-05
◾ Football League Cup (2): 1986-87, 1992-93
ShieldCommunity Shield (12): 1930, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1938, 1948, 1953, 1991, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2004
CoCup of Europe (1): 1993-94
Opa Fairs Cup (1): 1969-70
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